EMS providers need to have proof — not just a hunch — that their endotracheal tube is correctly placed. The following parameters can help providers ensure their tube isn’t in the esophagus.
1. Direct visualization
2. Tube depth measurement
3. Presence or lack of epigastric sounds
4. Breath sound confirmation
5. Chest expansion visualization
Get more specifics on these parameters and learn how they are part of the art of post-intubation management in “Life of the Tube.”